China Is The Largest Victim of Global Anti-dumping
In the second half of 2006, there were 103 new cases of external anti-dumping investigations by 19 WTO members, as revealed in the semi-annual report recently released by the WTO Anti-Dumping Committee. A slight increase over the same period last year. Among them, 66 external final anti-dumping measures were taken, and the number continued to decline. In the same period, China is still the largest victim of anti-dumping.
Statistics show that in the second half of 2006, China’s exports suffered the largest number of anti-dumping investigations, a total of 36. 33 for the same period in 2005. Indonesia is the second largest victim, its exports suffered seven anti-dumping investigations. China, Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea ranked third, suffering from anti-dumping cases of 6 each.
At the same time, Chinese exports are also subject to the most frequent final anti-dumping measures, subject to 22 final anti-dumping measures. With the same period in 2005, the data is the same. Indonesia ranked second, suffering from 7 final anti-dumping measures. India ranked third, suffering from 6 final anti-dumping measures. China Taiwan, South Korea, Thailand, the United States each suffered 4, Japan 3, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Bulgaria, the EU, Serbia suffered from the final anti-dumping measures are less than 3.
From the perspective of product categories, the most frequently investigated anti-dumping products are chemical products (25). This is followed by pulp and paper products (16 cases) and base metals (16 cases). In the 25 anti-dumping investigations against chemical products, the EU filed 8 cases, China and India filed 7 cases each, Turkey 2 cases and Egypt 1 case.
During the same period, the most frequent products subject to final anti-dumping measures were textiles. 14 of the 66 final anti-dumping measures were imposed on textiles. Plastic products ranked second, suffering from 13 final anti-dumping measures. Base metals and machinery products ranked third, suffering from 8 final anti-dumping measures. Among the 14 anti-dumping measures against textiles, 7 were implemented by India, 3 by Korea, 2 by China, and 1 each by Taiwan and Peru.
The report shows that the EU is the member that initiated the most anti-dumping investigations, with 17 cases. This is followed by India and Argentina, with 12 and 10 cases each, and China with 7 cases. Compared with the same period in 2005, the number of anti-dumping investigations initiated by India, Argentina and China in the second half of 2006 has decreased. The EU, Brazil and Malaysia have increased accordingly.
Among the 103 new cases of external anti-dumping investigations, 27 were initiated by developing members. During the same period in 2005, the number of anti-dumping investigation cases and the number of final anti-dumping measures implemented by developing members were 23 and 26 respectively.
Among the members that implemented final anti-dumping measures, Turkey implemented the highest number of final anti-dumping measures (10 cases). This is double that of the same period in 2005. China implemented 9 anti-dumping measures. 6 for the same period in 2005. This was followed by India (8), the EU and Korea (7 each), and Egypt (5).
Compared with the same period in 2005, the number of final anti-dumping measures implemented in India and the EU has decreased. In the second half of 2006, South Africa, Argentina, Israel, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan, Indonesia and Peru all implemented less than 5 final anti-dumping measures.